Choosing the right engine oil for your car is crucial to ensure optimal engine performance, longevity, and fuel efficiency. With various types and brands available, making the best selection can be overwhelming.
We will walk you through the essential factors to consider when picking the right engine oil for your car.
Check the Owner's Manual
The first and most important step is to consult your car owner's manual. The manufacturer provides specific recommendations for the type and viscosity of engine oil that best suits your vehicle's engine. The manual will also indicate the recommended oil change intervals, which vary based on driving conditions and oil type.
Understand Viscosity Ratings
Engine oils come with viscosity ratings, represented by two numbers, such as 5W-30 or 10W-40. The first number followed by a "W" (winter) indicates the oil's flowability in cold temperatures, while the second number reflects its viscosity at higher temperatures. Choosing the right viscosity grade ensures optimal engine protection in both cold-start situations and during high-temperature operation.
Consider the Oil Type
There are primarily two types of engine oils: conventional and synthetic. Conventional oils are refined from crude oil and are generally more affordable, while synthetic oils are chemically engineered to provide better performance, especially in extreme conditions. Synthetic oils offer improved lubrication, stability, and resistance to breakdown, making them a preferred choice for modern engines and high-performance vehicles.
Check for API and ILSAC Certifications
Look for engine oils that carry American Petroleum Institute (API) and International Lubricant Standardization and Approval Committee (ILSAC) certifications. These certifications indicate that the oil meets the industry standards and requirements for optimal engine protection and performance.
Some engine oils come with additional additives that offer extra benefits. For instance, oils with detergents and dispersants help keep engine components clean and prevent the buildup of sludge and deposits. Look for oils with additives that cater to the specific needs of your car and driving habits.
Identify Special Requirements
Certain vehicles, such as high-performance cars or those with turbocharged engines, may have specific oil requirements. Always check for any special recommendations from the car manufacturer to ensure compatibility and maximum performance.
Choose the Right Brand
Selecting a reputable and trusted brand for your engine oil is essential. Well-known brands often have a proven track record of quality and reliability, which translates to better engine protection and performance.
Consider Your Driving Conditions
Consider your typical driving conditions, such as extreme temperatures or heavy towing, when choosing engine oil. If you frequently drive in severe conditions, opt for oils that offer better protection under such circumstances.
Selecting the right engine oil for your car is crucial for maintaining engine health and performance. By consulting your owner's manual, understanding viscosity ratings, and considering your driving conditions, you can make an informed decision.
Additionally, choose between conventional and synthetic oils based on your car's needs, and prioritise oils with API and ILSAC certifications from reputable brands. Taking the time to pick the right engine oil will pay off in the long run with improved engine efficiency, longevity, and peace of mind on the road.